Nemmers Family History From Luxembourg Records

Updated 16 March 2001

The following is taken from an email (06 March 2001) from Suzanne Bunkers. NOTE: This information has been updated (16 March 2001) from the previous posting on 08 March. Please correct your records.

"The following information includes fuller translations of the French and German civil records and the Latin parish records of Tuntange/Tuntingen, Luxembourg.

I'd also note that spelling was quite fluid in the days when the records below were kept. Not many people could read or write; if they could, they often wrote phonetically, which helps to explain variations in spellings of names. During this time, church records were kept in Latin, while civil records were kept in French or German--depending on who was in political control at the time. Spellings also vary because church records spelled names in Latin (Petrus) while civil records used French (Pierre) or German (Peter). In keeping with grammatical rules of Latin that governed word order in sentences, parish records sometimes transposed first and middle names of individuals being baptized or married.

Moreover, an infant being baptized was almost always given the same first name (or sometimes, the middle name) as his or her godparent of the same sex. This naming practice accounts for situations in which two or more children in the same family had the same first name; that could have been the case because the two children had the same baptismal sponsor or godparent (e.g., an aunt or uncle or grandparent)--or because one adult baptismal sponsor/godparent had received his/her name from an earlier baptismal sponsor/godparent of the same name. When studying these kinds of records, it's helpful to remember that spelling variations are to be expected and do not necessarily indicate different, unrelated families; more often, these spelling variants indicate related families who spelled their names slightly differently.

This morning I also posted to the Nemmers message page on FamilyHistory.com I'll add that message below for posting on your web site as well. Many thanks for your continued efforts to keep all of the Nemmers descendents in touch. If it's all right with you, I'll link my NEMMERS web page (soon to be expanded) to your web site. The information below will also be posted there. Also, I'm glad to see that you mentioned Jeff and Jarvis Freymann's THE FREYMANNS: HISTORY OF A FAMILY, which is very well-written and gives a wonderful picture of life in Luxembourg and in the United States.

Sincerely,
Cousin Suzanne Bunkers
suzanne.bunkers@mnsu.edu

I have typed below the transcript of the information from Luxembourg records, sent to me by Jean-Claude Muller of Redange, Luxembourg. Note that in Luxembourg, some records were kept in Latin, some in French, some in German. Most towns have two names: French (Dondelange, Tuntange) and German (Dondelingen, Tuntingen).

Information on NEMMERS in Luxembourg records reveals that the surname was once spelled NIEUMERS, NEUMERS, NEUNER, and NIUNERS in earlier generations before it came to be spelled NEMMERS. The earliest ancestor located to date is Jean NIEUMERS. The NIEUMERS family was living in Brouch (French spelling; German spelling is Buschdorf), Luxembourg, circa 1700. From there the family spread to Tuntange (Tuntingen), Dondelange (Dondelingen), Nospelt, and Kehlen (Kellen). My ancestors, Jean-Nicholas Nemmers and his wife Catherine Weber Nemmers, came to the United States in the mid-1800s and settled in St. Donatus, Iowa.

[Note: The information on the surname variations was provided to me by Jean-Claude Muller of Redange, Luxembourg, one of the co-editors of the re-edition of Nicholas Gonner's book, , one of the best sources on Luxembourg immigration.]

FROM TUNTANGE PARISH RECORDS:

On February 4, 1782, after three proclamations had been duly made, after no impediment had been brought forth, were united in holy matrimony Petrus (Peter) Nemmers, widower from Tuntingen (Tuntange) married Anna-Maria Nesen, legitimate daughter of Nicholaus Noesen and Margaritha Mullhentgten from Bruch before the witnesses Rev. Goedert, vicar in Tuntingen, and Carolus Reding from Hobscheid. To testify that this is so, they have undersigned this document with me; all could write with their own handwriting, except the spouse, who declared not to be able to write. In faith of which: signed J. N. Lieffering, pastor in Tuntingen.

[Note: the above is a translation of the Latin record in the parish church of Tuntange. This was Peter's second marriage, made after his first wife, Marguerite Kipsen--the mother of his first three children--had died. Peter lived only a year after this second marriage to Anna-Maria Nesen. Their son Jean-Nicholas was born on 5 March 1783, a month after his father Peter's death.]

FROM TUNTANGE PARISH RECORDS:

On February 1, 1783, around 4 p.m., died in communion with the Holy Roman Church, after having received the holy sacraments in due rites, Petrus (Peter) Nemmers from Tuntingen, aged 46 years. He was buried the following day in the parish cemetery. May he rest in peace. Amen. In Faith of which: signed J. N. Lieffering, pastor in Tuntingen.

[Note: the above is a translation of the Latin record of the parish in Tuntange.]

FROM KEHLEN CIVIL MARRIAGE RECORDS:

In the year 1811 on the 27th of November, at 10:00 in the morning appeared before us the mayor of Kehlen in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Jean-Nicolas Nemmers, a day laborerer (journalier), aged 28 years, born in Tuntange, department of Forests (French Republican designation for Luxemburg), living at Dondelingen (Dondelange), an adult and the legitimate son of Pierre Nemmers, a day laborer when he was still alive, and Anne-Marie Neisen, a day laborer living at Tintange, present and consenting to the marriage, and on the other hand, Miss Catherine Weber, aged 20 years, born in Dondelange and living there, minor-of-age and legitimate daughter of Nicolas Weber, weaver (tisserand) and of Catherine Weber, living at Dondelange, present and consenting to the marriage. Both partners are then declared to be now a married couple . . . among the witnesses we note none that is related. [Signatures follow]

[Note: The above is a translation of the French civil record of marriage in the commune of Kehlen in the Center of Luxembourg, canton of Luxembourg.]

FROM KEHLEN CIVIL MARRIAGE RECORDS:

In the year 1841 on the 17th of February, at 4 p.m. appeared before us Jean-Baptiste Poeckes, mayor of Kehlen in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Nicolas Nemmers, carpenter (Schreiner) aged 25 years, born in Dondelingen, commune of Kehlen on February 12, 1816, living at Dondelingen, adult son of Johann-Nicolas Nemmers, carpenter, and of Catharina Weber, both present and consenting to the marriage and, on the other hand, Maria Freiman, without profession, aged 21 years, born in Olm, commune of Kehlen on July 19, 1819, living at Olm, adult daughter of Peter Freyman, deceased in Olm on April 17, 1830, and of the still-living Barbara Kurbach, day laborer (Taglohnerin) living at Olm, present and consenting to the marriage. Both partners are then declared to be now a married couple . . . among the witnesses we note none that is related. [Signatures follow]

[Note: The above is a translation of the German civil record of marriage in the commune of Kehlen in the Center of Luxembourg, canton of Luxembourg.]

SUMMARY:

Peter Nemmers, died Feb. 1, 1783, in Tuntange;
he was married on Feb. 2, 1782, in Tuntange to
Anna-Maria Nesen from Brouch (Buschdorf)

Jean-Nicholas Nemmers, born on March 5, 1783, in Tuntange;
he was married on Nov. 27, 1811 in Kehlen
Catherine Weber, born on Feb. 2, 1790, in Dondelange.
She died on March 23, 1876 in St. Donatus, Iowa

Nicolas Nemmers, born on Feb. 2, 1816, in Dondelange;
he was married on Feb. 17, 1841 in Kehlen to
Maria Freymann, born on July 19, 1819 in Olm.
She died on January 3, 1867 in St. Donatus, Iowa

Nicholas Nemmers, born on Sept. 12, 1845, in Dondelange.
He died on March 24, 1882, in East Orange, Iowa; he was
married on Feb. 24, 1873 (?) in St. Donatus, Iowa, to
Anna Kaiser, born on Dec. 25, 1852, in Olm.
She died on Jan. 28, 1920, in Le Mars, Iowa.

Jean-Nicholas (Johann Nicholaus) Nemmers b. 5-MAR-1783 d. 7-MAR-1857 m. 27-NOV-1811
Catherine (Catherina) Weber b. 2-FEB-1790 d. 23-MAR-1876 (or 1870?)

Jean-Nicholas Nemmers' parents were:
Petrus (Peter) Nemmers b. 6-NOV-1737 Tuntange d. 1-FEB-1783 Tuntange
Marguerite Kipsen (sp?) b. ? d. 23-DEC-1781 Tuntange

After Marguerite Kipsen's death, Peter remarried:
Anna Maria Nesen m. 6-FEB-1882

NOTE: Peter Nemmers died on 1-FEB-1783.

Children of Peter Nemmers and Marguerite Kipsen:

1. Nicolus Nemmers b. 21-AUG-1770 Tuntange d. 17-JUL-1840 Dondelange
m. Catherine Wewer
Catherine Wewer b. 30-DEC-1759 d. 3-FEB-1835 Dondelange

2. Henri Nemmers b. 17-JUN-1775 Tuntange d. 5-FEB-1835 Nospelt
m. Marguerite Peiffer 24-Jan-1807
Marguerite Peiffer b. 13-APR-1787 Nospelt

3. Marguerite Nemmers b. 27-JUN-1777 Tuntange d. ?
m. Egide Peiffer 24-Jan-1807 Kellen

Child of Peter Nemmers and Anna Maria Nesen (surname also spelled Noesen, Niessen):

4. Jean-Nicholas Nemmers b. 5-MAR-1783 Tuntange d. 7-MAR-1857 St. Donatus, IA
m. Catherine Weber 27-NOV-1811 Kellen
Catherine Weber: b. 2-FEB-1790 Dondelange
d. 23-MAR-1876 (or 1870?) St. Donatus, IA"

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First Posted 08 March 2001